ELD Mandate FAQs and Answers

Electronic log device technology—or ELD—is the new normal for drivers who are under a mandate to record their duty status and who are involved in interstate commerce. Drivers who were not eligible for an extension had to adopt ELD technology by December 18, 2017, and all drivers must be used by December 16, 2019. Many operators have questions about making the transition to using ELDs. Here are the answers to some common queries to surround this change.

Why is ELD being implemented?

ELD simply automates a process that has always been required. In the past, drivers had to record their own hours of service. Now, the ELD will do that automatically. Additionally, the ELDs will track the amount of time the engine is on, how many miles were driven when the vehicle was in motion and the duration of engine operation. All of these factors will give a more accurate record of hours of service (HOS) for drivers, which makes the recordkeeping easier for businesses. Likewise, law enforcement can easily access ELD data when necessary.

Who is exempt from the implementation?

Ultimately, very few drivers will be exempt from using ELDs. Drivers whose vehicles are equipped with Automatic On-Board Recording Devices (AOBRDs) can delay their transitions to ELDs until December 16, 2019. Drivers who currently operate under short-haul exemptions for recordkeeping or who use paper records for eight or fewer days out of 30 are also exempt. ELDs are not required for drivers who do driveway/tow-away operations or whose vehicles were made before 2000 and don’t support ELDs are also exempt.

How can companies benefit from ELD auditing?

ELD auditing can provide daily HOS records for drivers, so motor carriers are aware of any potential violations. This can help companies avoid costly fines and intervene when drivers are exceeding their HOS allowances.


HDS Safety Services provides extensive EDL auditing services, including driver counseling and HOS training, to ensure safety and compliance for motor carriers. Find out more about implementing EDL auditing by calling (520) 622-0419.